Tag Archives: Venkat Gandhi

Decoding Rally for Rivers Campaign By Sadguru


Pranam Sadhguru Jaggi Vasudev Ji

Happy Independence Day

I have enjoyed watching some of your speeches and answers to many questions and admired your intelligence and brilliance in explaining many topics in a way that makes people think themselves.

Water is a Subject quite dear to me and have been spending significant time in the recent past as I firmly believe Water is the most powerful means to drive out poverty from rural India.

When I saw the #RallyForRivers Campaign tweets naturally, I was keen to listen, read and learn in first place and have raised many questions too.

Hoping to understand clearly the following from you :

  1. Whats the Actual Problem?
  2. Whats the Root Cause of the Problem?
  3. Whats the Solution?
  4. How will Solution Solve the Problem?

Not being a celebrity, not surprised that I could not get any response, however, i wish to place on record Some of the Concerns I found in the non-congruent nature of this campaign messages :

1.Letter from Sadhguru

Your Problem Statement: “Within 15 years we will have only 50% of the water we need for our basic survival”

My Decode:  Neither Population becomes twice nor Rainfall becomes half on the Earth, there is no logical basis for this problem statement. All Major Indian Rivers have the Annual Water Availability and Utilization Data for last 50 to 100 years, while its part of nature some years it rains in the given basin more and some years less there is nothing to prove on longer horizon rainfalls have reduced, on the contrary, Krishna Water Tribunal II recently has increased the allocation from 2130 TMC done by KWDT I to 2578 TMC citing the data on water availability from 1961-62  for 47 years the availability being higher

Dear Sadguru Ji Water Availability Has Gone up many folds to the People in Upper Riparian States hence the water utilization resulting depletion of Wastage of Water going to Sea.

Water Utilization in Upper Riparian States and regions has Increased the Green Cover by irrigating the hitherto dry lands and brought prosperity to the people in inner and arid lands of India.

Primary Source of Fresh Water is Rains Only and It remains constant more or less when taken at macro level at micro level there will be large variations

No country is able to completely establish all the factors influencing the rains, best of super computers can at best forecast reasonably for about 10 days horizon.

2. Your Campaign Calls for giving missed call and count it as Support for Your undisclosed Policy document which you propose to submit to Government of India 

My Question: Is this a Good Practice? especially for some one of your stature whom the Nation has honored with Padma Vibhushan?

3. Your Solution: Plant Trees for One Kilometer width on either side of the River!

This is not in sync with the below Nice explanation by World Resources Institute that clearlt shows the Solution for Healthy Natural Solution for Water Security is to have Tree Plantations in Up hills in the River Basin for higher benefit not at the River itself ie the end of Water Journey thru the soil where its impact is lowest  securing the water. Ironically this is included in your campaign material without doing justice to it !

Finally, my suggestion is to make #RallyForRivers Campaign focus on

  1. Planting Trees Everywhere especially in the Higher altitudes facing the Monsoon Directions
  2. Water Conservation Technologies as is achieved by Israel to improve the higher output per drop of water

 

Make your Team Find Out how many Trees will be LOST in Polavaram Dam and Why should they be Lost and what exactly is #RallyForRivers Stand on Polavaram and its Submersion of Kilometers of Forest on both Sides of Godavari and Shabari Rivers.

What is the #RallyForRivers Stand on #Amaravati being built right on the Bank of River Krishna for more than a kilometer distance from River and for many kilometers of River Bed being made into Concrete Jungle repacing the lush green fields

As your #RallyForRivers is passing thru Amaravati on 13th September please do explain to people your stand on both Polavaram submersion of large Forests on both sides of Godavari and Shabari and Amaravati on Krishna River Bank

India has Utilized More of its River Water since Independence hence it achieved Food Security through Green Revolution, to call the utilization as depletion is a Sad and negative and deceptive and distorted way of looking at the same fact.

Unfortunately, More than Helping the Nation there is Significant chance of following Negative effects of the #RallyForRivers Proposals

  1. River beds turned into Forests is putting END to any more Dams or Barrages on the River ie essential for large parts of Dry Lands to get sufficient water else they become deserts over a period of time
  2. India will continue to Waste Precious Natural Resource letting the Fresh Water go into Sea

Water itself is the LIFE Line, River is Just a Means for Surplus Water to Reach Sea,  Focus has to be on Water Management.

Also, I am aware of million os your followers and thousands of celebrities joining your #RallyForRivers Campaign already and many or most of them may not like or may even oppose or criticise or abuse me for writing this post, i choose to write to keep my conscience clear and also was encouraged to read this below before writing this post.

Kalama Sutta

(Anguttara Nikaya III, 65)

 "It is proper for you, Kalamas, to doubt, to be uncertain;
 uncertainty has arisen in you about what is doubtful. Come,
 Kalamas. Do not go upon what has been acquired by repeated
 hearing; nor upon tradition; nor upon rumor; nor upon what is in a
 scripture; nor upon surmise; nor upon an axiom; nor upon specious
 reasoning; nor upon a bias towards a notion that has been pondered
 over; nor upon another's seeming ability; nor upon the
 consideration, 'The monk is our teacher.' Kalamas, when you
 yourselves know: 'These things are bad; these things are blamable;
 these things are censured by the wise; undertaken and observed,
 these things lead to harm and ill,' abandon them.

 

Andhra Pradesh Must STOP Fudging of Godavari Krishna Water Utilization


Andhra Pradesh has been LIFTING Godavari Waters daily (7000~8000 Cusecs) and FILLING Prakasham Barrage on KRISHNA Using the the Polavaram Right Canal for the Entire Month of July. This is a Good thing and State should be proud of and share it factually.

However it is Very Unfortunate the same Data is not disclosed in the Godavari Barrage deliberately where it does fudging by reducing the inflow number itself by as much as it diverts.
This type of misleading fudging of Data is done by Andhra Pradesh Consistently to Hide the Water Utilization to show lesser than actual utilization to the Boards and Tribunals, in this case it knows very well that any diversion from Godavari to Krishna all Upper Riparian states accrue their stake as per Tribunal Order. Since it does not wish to share as Godavri – Krishna Diversion it resort to this type of fudging.

Since this is Third Year its doing consecutively, time Government of Telangana takes it up with Center Very Strongly to ensure they put an END to this practice by AP

This is the same FUDGING AP has done in Water Utilization from Srisailam Last Year and Better Prevent this Year Similar Fudged reporting by AP in advance.

Telangana share as it is is less, it simply can not afford to let AP get away  with such Brazen Fudging Practice of Water Utilization

What good are GRMB and KRMB if they can’t even measure and report the water utilization factully and let AP get away with such Reporting which any student can explain is partial reporting of water utilization, not complete reporting.

National Tax Payer Money is being Spent on Polavaram and Nation must get the Factual data on Polavaram Right Canal Water Diversion to Krishna on Daily Basis

Shameless Anti Telangana Supari Journalism in ET


Just a few fundamental flaws are enough to nail How much of Supari Journalism is this that stitched together pieces of information with a clear intent to mislead people and malign the Progressive Telangana Government and the State,

Article Says

“Investors who were stung by messy land titles in Hyderabad include Google, Microsoft, Tishman Speyer, Shapoorji Pallonji, DLF, Lanco, Puravankara, Sattva Salarpuria and My Home group.”

Global Giants Google, Microsoft names have been included without quoting any of the company officials statements. instead, the whole post is concatenating different quotes, some even unnamed, from other companies and individuals and agents speaking on different points of time in the different contest have been put together to send very ill intended message, worst is the way Telangana Minister of IT and Industries Quote has been used in this post leaves no doubt on the dubious and ill Intent of these authors.

Same can be further understood by the authors not telling the following important facts to the readers:

  • Land deals of most of these companies are done before Telangana State formation
  • Miyapur is good over 10 Km away from all of these companies lands in IT Corridor
  • Miyapur land irregularities are not discovered by any media or opposition, it’s the State Government Internal Intelligence that Spotted the problem and the CM has acted very swiftly to hit at the root cause, by ending the discretionary powers of officials thru ordinance.

Telangana had Anti-Telangana Supari Journalist Couple from National Media, who were continuously misleading the nation and maligning the statehood movement doing a similar job of living by Selling Supari Doomsday Stories, till the Telangana State happened. Since then one hardly see the couple, now we see a new set of Supari Journalists thrown into the ring by the same old vested interests!

At whose behest is this happening is not hard to guess!

There is no way such journalism can be allowed to go unchecked both by people and authorities.

Time for People in Telangana State to show their place both to these journos and their media houses.

Dhamro Rakshati Rakshitaha

Jai Telangana

Jai Bharat

 

LIFT Water and Drive Poverty Out of Indian Villages


Dear Pradhan Sevak Narendra Modi Ji

Jalam Mulam Idham Jagat

Water Drives Poverty Out

On the Historic Occasion of all of Sardar Sarovar Gates Coming down to complete the Project and wipe out the water deficiency in Gujarat State forever, Many Congratulation to you and the people of Gujarat this was a Long delayed dream fulfilled.

There is no Better and Faster tool to Driver Poverty out of Rural India and slow down the Urbanization of Bharat ie India is to deliver Sufficient Drinking and Irrigation Water to each home and each farm, its not just viable its now affordable too with falling cost of Power thanks to the advent of Solar Power and India being blessed with Sun God and River Goddesses

Ganges and its tributaries has Enough Water to Irrigate Entire Northern Indian States of Haryana, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand, WestBengal, Uttarakhand, HP, Parts of Rajasthan and MP

Indus Tributaries have enough to irrigate J&K, Punjab and Rjasthan
Brahma Putra can irrigate any part of North East

Mahanadhi has enough to irrigate Chattisgarh, Odisha and Parts of MP

Narmada has enough to irrigate MP, Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan

Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri have enough to Irrigate Maharashtra, Telangana, AP, TN and Karnataka

Mission Bhagiratha to deliver drinking water to every household and Mission to Irrigate 1 Crore Acre Irrigatable Land in Telangana State thay includes 2 Largest LIFT Irrigation Projects in India and Mission Kakatiya demonstrate above are not pipe dreams they are do-able and must be done on priority by all states in India and as Pradhan Sevak Suggest, Request and appeal to you to make this Mission of India to LIFT and LINK Water Surplus River to Water Deficit Parts of India change the Inter Linking of Rivers Project Agenda as it focused more on Gravity which tends to supply more water to the Coastal or Low Lying Areas more than water deficit or watere stressed regions which require LIFTING of Water.

Other Big Advantage of LIFTING of Water is; there is no Need to have Dangerous Large Dams on Rivers with Heavy Floods, No need to Submersion of Fertile Land for large dams, small barrages within flood levels is sufficient, hence lesser land acquisition, which is now too difficult and time consuming than before.

LIFTED water can be stored in Safe Places of choice with Less submersion, Less evaporation losses, and Less Risks and Less Costs to Store.

Future favors LIFTING of Water from RIVERS than Supplying thru Gravity.

With Warm Regards

Venkat Gandhi

Telangana @ 3


Further to my Last year Post  Two Years of the TRS rule in Telangana  Today Telangana is @ 3 and time to again review its Progress on all the three main factors for which the state came into existence

1.            Neellu (Water)

Thanks the Rain Gods pouring rain towards the end of last season and the significant progress achieved in two years under Mission Kakatiya for revitalizing over 14,000 water tanks the life lines of Telangana  villages and completion of pending LIFT irrigation projects and Sri Pada Yellampally Reservoir aided with optimal utilization of waters and re-scheduling the season and completion of Power Projects and Power Grid Connection enabled the State having unprecedented readiness to make most of the resources by providing water from reservoirs and tanks, power for pumpsets, fertilisers and seeds supply in time and at the villages the result is millions of farmers and agriculture dependent families in Telangana state are seeing the fruits that can be seen in just Paddy crop alone where

State Authorities plan to purchase a record 37 lakh MT of paddy as against 8.42 lakh MT in 2015-16, a four-fold increase.

I believe “water is life line” there is no Bigger tool in the hands of any state or central government for providing inclusive growth and reducing the rural poverty than providing Water for Drinking and Irrigation.

Mission Bhageeratha to deliver potable tap water to every household has been completed in one constituency and was inaugurated by honorable PM in Aug 2016 and is now racing to completion and is particularly targeting the florosis affected areas.

Wish the Government to reach its Goal to deliver potable water to every household.

CM KCR Gran Re-engineering of Kaleshwaram Project now has ECR (Environment Clearance) from Center and the New State Land Acquisition Act to expedite the land acquisition for the projects by paying higher compensation to the lan owners and affected has been notified by President of India.  Government has been receptive to the ideas to make finer improvements to the Grand Project that I believe will become Role Model for the Arid World not Just in India as to how to Drive Poverty out of Arid Regions by Lifting and Linking Surplus Rivers with the water deficit irrigatable lands in the Arid and Semi arid parts of the world.

I am particularly happy to see project is not extended from Mallanna Sagar till Singur to leverage the 29 TMC existing Reservoir and also the Reverse flow by adding 4 Minor Lifts to the SRSP flood flow canal to Send Water from Mid Maner to the SRSP when we have enough water in Kaleshwaram but no inflows into SRSP from Maharashtra as is the experiene in almost 2 out of every 3 years in the recent past.

But for the incident of Mid Maner washout in the unprecedented flash floods on Maner river, this year has been a Dream Run for the Rural Telangana in the last 6 months and I believe the best of Telangana State under leadership of CM KCR Garu is yet to come.

2.            Nidhulu (Resources)

Finally the Center has done what it should have done long back, it stood by the letter and spirit of federal structure in any state re-organizaion immovable assets belong to the state where they exist, while good 3 years time was kind of wasted, injustice attempted by the neighboring state was prevented just before the deadline of 3 years was ending.

More importantly Telangana state witnessing the highest growth of state own revenues which despite the demonitization effect grown over 17% which is highest among all states in India.

State has been channelling its resources to its priority sectors of Irrigation and Drinking Water and unprecedented Social Welfare Schemes for the first three years

So many schemes being planned and implemented meticulously at past pace, I believe “Telangana Intensive Household Survey” has given the accurate data to the Government hence both planning and execution are happening quite smoothly

3.            Niyamakalu ( Jobs )

There are some steps taken in this most delayed and most agitating part among people of the state, particularly the youth, for good or bad have expected to become government employees soon after the statehood is achieved.

Good Part is Govt is not rushing into blind recruitment without establishing the requirements and procedures the bad part is the time its taking is bit too much.

While neither Telangana nor any state can afford to provide only state government jobs to the youth, hope state comes out with clear explanation and plan even if it does not satisfy fully the youth it should make the rest of the people in the state is being fair and realistic.

Recent move to induct the Teachers and Faculty to fill the vacancies in State Educational Institutions has to be completed on priority with transparent process to select the most eligible job seekers in the state.

One must compliment the Government for rising the salaries for many ignored sections of the government services delivery who were having quite marginal salaries / wages that some times leads to petty corruption in the government service delivery.

One clearly sees the petty corruption tendency in the state of Telangana has come down due to these reasonable steps with fair salaries and wages, honest people now have a chance to work and live honestly in the state.

Politics

Politically with over 50% Support for the Party in most  of 119 assembly segments party has no serious political challenger at this time who have no agenda other than Anti KCR and his family in their fight back, will they learn to do home work and hard work on the ground in next 2 years, one has to wait and see !

Sectorial Achievements:

Power :

First Priority for the state to liberate the state from the clutches of Andhra Pradesh and its Grid is achieved on April 2017 with commissioning of Wardha – Dichpally 765 KV HVDC Power Link, state is now part of National Grid with its Own connection and can purchase and draw power from any part of India which is now available a plenty and cheap in West, and Eastern Grid of India

Telangana has delivered this Rabi (Yasangi) Season has delivered over 9191 MW Peak Demand and 188 MU Power Supply on 31st March 2017 this almost 50% Jump from about 6000-7500 MW base Power Load the state witnesses during Rainy season and winter

Completion of 600 MW KTPS II, SCCL 600 x 2 (1200 MW) and 1000 MW from Chattisgarh enable the state deliver this.

Now the state is in a position to exercise the first right of refusal more after it already said not to Costly and no assurance supply of Krishnapatnam now more of AP power will be opted out and soon AP will actually be drawing power from telangana as its right on Telangana Cheap Power continues ..

The state which attempted to choke Telangana State from the day on Power will actually end up thriving on cheap power of Telangana state is going to be the irony in next 7 years ..

Challenges Ahead ..

  1.  Education : While Government succeeded to reign in the Private Educational Institutions Malpractices and Misuse of Fees Reimbursement Schemes etc,   Public Education System Other than  Residential Schools is in Shambles in the State and there is no running away from this fact, when the Government is forced to close the schools for lack of students is admission of total failure for there is no village whose population disappeared, it simply reveals the public education system in rural telangana too has been replaced by private education system.   Without having the Teachers in the school how can Government expect students to come to schools, hence the move to recruit teachers must happen on priority as most new teachers will take time to become productive teachers.
  2. Healthcare : Some very good moves and initiatives for the mother and child in Government hospitals is a very good development, this task of re-building public healthcare would be long one and requires continuous focus as it deals with the chance for survival of the poor patients in the society.  Hopefully Government Adds the Health Education to the Agenda of Mana TV that has been doing good work on the employability education.
  3. Hyderabad Infrastructure and Clean Authority for Hyderabad : Hyderabad is the source of Economic Strength of Telangana State and it must be strengthened two things that will make the City take a Leap Jump into Global City is centered around 
    1. Transportation Infrastructure : City needs Over 200 KM Metro lines and Over 200 KM Elevated Roads inter connecting Airport, ORR, Main Stations and Bus Stands there is no other way to control the traffic situation and air pollution due to vehicle emissions
    2. Clean Authority to Handle both Waste Water and Solid Waste so that all of the Sewage is Treated and filled into the Musi River Front and All of Non Recyclable Solid Waste is Eliminated same day with harmless emissions, else the Clean Hyderabad is a Pipe Dream, Waste Water and Solid Waste lying anywhere within or outside city continue to affect the neighborhood.

Telangana Godavari River Projects Progress


Telangana Movement Tag line is Water, Resources and Jobs, undoubtedly the most critical and important one with far reaching impact on all of Rural Telangana that has suffered a lot during the 58 years is “Water”, No surprise the Leader of the Movement since 2001 and first democratically elected CM of Telangana State KCR Garu has spent maximum amount of his own time and has deployed best possible Government Team and resources and committed highest amount of budget allocation for the cause of Water.  Govt of Telangana  has taken two pronged approach, first all Projects that have been in various stages of progress that can be completed faster by pumping funds and removing the administrative hurdles such as land and others or put on fast track such as Kalwakurthy, Bheema, Nettempadu and Koilsagar  on Krishna and Yellampally on Godavari have been commissioned partly or fully by now changing the landscape of the Palamuru district particularly. Secondly the team has taken complete stock of Godavari River Water availability and the issues impending the on-going Pranahita Chevella Project that delivered zero benefit in-spite of large amount of money spent in digging canals without and work on barrage on Pranahita the source of water.

Major Milestones on Mission Godavari Water by Government of Telangana:

2015 Telangana Government carried out LIDAR (Light detection and ranging) survey from Sriram Sagar Project to Bhadrachalam to study river Godavari and its basinfor using water resources efficiently.
2016 Mar CM made elaborate presentation in Assembly on his vision of Godavari   and   Krishna Waters to entire Telangana State 
2016 Aug Telangana and Maharashtra CM’s historic inter-state agreement on Medigadda, Tummidihatti, Chanaka-Korata Barrages
2017 Feb DPR for Kaleshwaram LIFT Irrigation based on Medigadda Barrages submitted to CWC

Government in its Wisdom has rightly identified 4 Distinct Projects and put all of them on fast track, each of this has significant contribution to make in changing the face of the Rural Telangana by diverting the Godavari River water going waste to Bay of Bengal every year, same time keeping the social and economic changes in mind Government has allocated significant amount of water for both Drinking and Industrial purposes which also enable partly in revenue accrual for self-sustenance of these projects in the long-term.

Projects on

1Submission for TOR

Acceptance by MS EAC

Recommend

TOR Granted
Channaka-Korata 2016/6/6 2016/6/30 2016/7/29 2016/9/5
Pranahita at Tummidihatti 2016/7/26 2016/8/1 2017/3/28 2017/3/31
Kaleshwaram at  Medigadda  2016/12/23 2017/1/6 2017/3/28 Scheduled
Tupakulagudem 2017/2/21 2017/2/22 2017/3/28 Scheduled

Tenders already finalized for the three Barrages at Medigadda, Annaram, Sundilla and also the respective Pump Houses and the work is already underway.

Remaining parts of the Project have been improved taking various suggestions from many people, result the DPR with below Line Diagram submitted to CWC:

Water Quantum of Project:

Though it proposes to LIFT 180 TMC from Kaleshwaram even after Evaporation losses of 10 TMC, Total of 225 TMC water would become available in Telangana with addition of 20 TMC from Yellampally reservoir and 10 TMC of Self yield by various reservoirs and 25 TMC water re-charge expected thru various reservoirs, these additional availability of water beyond what is lifted from Medigadda is actually quite conservative.

Allocation of 225 TMC under this project is

Irrigation will utilize 169 TMC

Drinking Water           40 TMC

Industries                     16 TMC

Total of 7,38,851 hectares of area will become command area of this project with canal water for irrigation.

Most importantly as rightly pointed out by CWC while reviewing the Previous DPR of Pranahita Chevella that did not plan for sufficient storages which would have rendered the project help less if there is no continued flow of water at Tummidihati, that was an unthinkable flaw, Telangana Government has come up 20 Reservoirs with total capacity of 147 TMC, this takes out the Huge Risk of non supply due to non availability of water at source during entire season as it allows to first impound the water in these reservoirs then use it as per the need for entire crop season.

Total Estimated Power Consumption for Lifting is 13,558 MU  this includes 40 TMC drinking water and 16 TMC for Industrial Use which actually has highest power requirement and is actually commercial as its normally recovered from HMWSSB and Industries respectively.

Addition of Intermittent Reservoirs allowed the Government to Opt for intermittent LIFTING of Water when the GRID has surplus cheap power during nights and do bare minimum during peak hours, this brings down the cost of Power drastically.

Particularly Annaram Storage Capacity of 12 TMC is highly beneficial.

While Pumps from Medigadda to Annaram will operate 24 Hrs during the floods

Pumps from Annaram to Sundilla and further till Mallanna Sagar Need not operate during Peak Loads they can LIFT More during Surplus Cheap Power and less during Peak Load Costly power.

This effectively means 60 to 75% of entire Power Consumption during the July~November can be availed at very low cost,  as at this time of the year Power is Surplus and goes waste in the National Grid due demand falling to rock bottom in Rainy Season.  In-line Reservoirs of Kaleshwaram LIFT irrigation project have enabled project to Pump the Water with Very Cheap Power.

Total Investment is Rs 80,500 Crores

Total Annual Benefit of Agriculture, Drinking Water Supply to Hyderabad and Industries put together is Rs 21,521 Crores

Total Annual Cost even accounting for Interest, Depreciation, O&M and Cost of Power is Rs 13,923 Crores

This giving a healthy Benefit to Cost Ratio of 1.55 for the entire Project.

Coming to the stance of Political Parties:

Congress Party: Main opposition made its counter presentation in August 2016.

TJAC released its report on Kaleshwaram Project in November 2016

While BJP has not made its position clear its Member and advisor to the Central Water Minister Mr Sriram Vedire released his Book on Optimal Utilization of Godavari Waters in Feb 2017

TDP has not made its position clear, indirectly indicating its not opposing the project while its Govt in AP is trying its best to stall or delay the project using its influence in Center.

By now people have made their own opinion about TJAC and Congress as their opinions have been elaborate touching various aspects.

It would be desirable for Telangana BJP to state its position unequivocally with specifics not be evasive as their spokespersons are doing with opinions they air are never consistent and among themselves nor with the contents of the book endorsed by Central Ministers, either BJP has to fully own up the book or has to make its stand with specifics as is done by Congress party and TJAC already.

Any other party which is serious about Telangana state must make their view clear with specifics and make it public.

The discourse and priority shown by Government of Telangana to address this Core issue of Water for the State has to be commended and the debate happening with many spending their time and expertise to contribute or counter to the state government effort is a good sign for democracy and development going hand in hand in new state of Telangana while it may not satisfy all.

All information in this article is a Public information.

This Project has Massive Scope to Improve the Benefits and Reduce the Costs due to enormous number of Controllable Variables (Choice of Source of Water, Choice of Impounding or LIFTING, When to LIFT vs  Uncontrolled Variables such as timing and quantum of Rains, Floods and inflows into Rivers from upstream catchment areas, power availability and costs of power etc.

Suggest and Look forward for  the state funded Technology and agriculture Universities and Institutes to focus on Cost and Benefit Optimization Respectively of the Largest State Investment ever.

  • How to Make More Farm Produce from 1 TMC of Water ?                                                                – By Agriculture & Horticulture Universities
  • How to Reduce average Cost of LIFTING 1 TMC of Water ?                                                                – By Technology Universities and Institutions