Telangana Movement Tag line is Water, Resources and Jobs, undoubtedly the most critical and important one with far reaching impact on all of Rural Telangana that has suffered a lot during the 58 years is “Water”, No surprise the Leader of the Movement since 2001 and first democratically elected CM of Telangana State KCR Garu has spent maximum amount of his own time and has deployed best possible Government Team and resources and committed highest amount of budget allocation for the cause of Water. Govt of Telangana has taken two pronged approach, first all Projects that have been in various stages of progress that can be completed faster by pumping funds and removing the administrative hurdles such as land and others or put on fast track such as Kalwakurthy, Bheema, Nettempadu and Koilsagar on Krishna and Yellampally on Godavari have been commissioned partly or fully by now changing the landscape of the Palamuru district particularly. Secondly the team has taken complete stock of Godavari River Water availability and the issues impending the on-going Pranahita Chevella Project that delivered zero benefit in-spite of large amount of money spent in digging canals without and work on barrage on Pranahita the source of water.
Major Milestones on Mission Godavari Water by Government of Telangana:
||Telangana Government carried out LIDAR (Light detection and ranging) survey from Sriram Sagar Project to Bhadrachalam to study river Godavari and its basinfor using water resources efficiently.
||CM made elaborate presentation in Assembly on his vision of Godavari and Krishna Waters to entire Telangana State
||Telangana and Maharashtra CM’s historic inter-state agreement on Medigadda, Tummidihatti, Chanaka-Korata Barrages
||DPR for Kaleshwaram LIFT Irrigation based on Medigadda Barrages submitted to CWC
Government in its Wisdom has rightly identified 4 Distinct Projects and put all of them on fast track, each of this has significant contribution to make in changing the face of the Rural Telangana by diverting the Godavari River water going waste to Bay of Bengal every year, same time keeping the social and economic changes in mind Government has allocated significant amount of water for both Drinking and Industrial purposes which also enable partly in revenue accrual for self-sustenance of these projects in the long-term.
1Submission for TOR
||Acceptance by MS
|Pranahita at Tummidihatti
|Kaleshwaram at Medigadda
Tenders already finalized for the three Barrages at Medigadda, Annaram, Sundilla and also the respective Pump Houses and the work is already underway.
Remaining parts of the Project have been improved taking various suggestions from many people, result the DPR with below Line Diagram submitted to CWC:
Water Quantum of Project:
Though it proposes to LIFT 180 TMC from Kaleshwaram even after Evaporation losses of 10 TMC, Total of 225 TMC water would become available in Telangana with addition of 20 TMC from Yellampally reservoir and 10 TMC of Self yield by various reservoirs and 25 TMC water re-charge expected thru various reservoirs, these additional availability of water beyond what is lifted from Medigadda is actually quite conservative.
Allocation of 225 TMC under this project is
Irrigation will utilize 169 TMC
Drinking Water 40 TMC
Industries 16 TMC
Total of 7,38,851 hectares of area will become command area of this project with canal water for irrigation.
Most importantly as rightly pointed out by CWC while reviewing the Previous DPR of Pranahita Chevella that did not plan for sufficient storages which would have rendered the project help less if there is no continued flow of water at Tummidihati, that was an unthinkable flaw, Telangana Government has come up 20 Reservoirs with total capacity of 147 TMC, this takes out the Huge Risk of non supply due to non availability of water at source during entire season as it allows to first impound the water in these reservoirs then use it as per the need for entire crop season.
Total Estimated Power Consumption for Lifting is 13,558 MU this includes 40 TMC drinking water and 16 TMC for Industrial Use which actually has highest power requirement and is actually commercial as its normally recovered from HMWSSB and Industries respectively.
Addition of Intermittent Reservoirs allowed the Government to Opt for intermittent LIFTING of Water when the GRID has surplus cheap power during nights and do bare minimum during peak hours, this brings down the cost of Power drastically.
Particularly Annaram Storage Capacity of 12 TMC is highly beneficial.
While Pumps from Medigadda to Annaram will operate 24 Hrs during the floods
Pumps from Annaram to Sundilla and further till Mallanna Sagar Need not operate during Peak Loads they can LIFT More during Surplus Cheap Power and less during Peak Load Costly power.
This effectively means 60 to 75% of entire Power Consumption during the July~November can be availed at very low cost, as at this time of the year Power is Surplus and goes waste in the National Grid due demand falling to rock bottom in Rainy Season. In-line Reservoirs of Kaleshwaram LIFT irrigation project have enabled project to Pump the Water with Very Cheap Power.
Total Investment is Rs 80,500 Crores
Total Annual Benefit of Agriculture, Drinking Water Supply to Hyderabad and Industries put together is Rs 21,521 Crores
Total Annual Cost even accounting for Interest, Depreciation, O&M and Cost of Power is Rs 13,923 Crores
This giving a healthy Benefit to Cost Ratio of 1.55 for the entire Project.
Coming to the stance of Political Parties:
Congress Party: Main opposition made its counter presentation in August 2016.
TJAC released its report on Kaleshwaram Project in November 2016
While BJP has not made its position clear its Member and advisor to the Central Water Minister Mr Sriram Vedire released his Book on Optimal Utilization of Godavari Waters in Feb 2017
TDP has not made its position clear, indirectly indicating its not opposing the project while its Govt in AP is trying its best to stall or delay the project using its influence in Center.
By now people have made their own opinion about TJAC and Congress as their opinions have been elaborate touching various aspects.
It would be desirable for Telangana BJP to state its position unequivocally with specifics not be evasive as their spokespersons are doing with opinions they air are never consistent and among themselves nor with the contents of the book endorsed by Central Ministers, either BJP has to fully own up the book or has to make its stand with specifics as is done by Congress party and TJAC already.
Any other party which is serious about Telangana state must make their view clear with specifics and make it public.
The discourse and priority shown by Government of Telangana to address this Core issue of Water for the State has to be commended and the debate happening with many spending their time and expertise to contribute or counter to the state government effort is a good sign for democracy and development going hand in hand in new state of Telangana while it may not satisfy all.
All information in this article is a Public information.
This Project has Massive Scope to Improve the Benefits and Reduce the Costs due to enormous number of Controllable Variables (Choice of Source of Water, Choice of Impounding or LIFTING, When to LIFT vs Uncontrolled Variables such as timing and quantum of Rains, Floods and inflows into Rivers from upstream catchment areas, power availability and costs of power etc.
Suggest and Look forward for the state funded Technology and agriculture Universities and Institutes to focus on Cost and Benefit Optimization Respectively of the Largest State Investment ever.
- How to Make More Farm Produce from 1 TMC of Water ? – By Agriculture & Horticulture Universities
- How to Reduce average Cost of LIFTING 1 TMC of Water ? – By Technology Universities and Institutions