My 10 Reasons why India must Honor India’s 9th Prime Minister Sri P V Narsimha Rao posthumously with Bharat Ratna
As Prime Minister, he Converted an Economic Crisis (It was a period when India’s foreign currency reserves had plummeted to around US$ 1 billion that was barely sufficient to finance two weeks of imports.) into an Opportunity and Changed the direction and destiny of India, laid the foundation of Modern India by ending the regime of LICENSE and Opening up market for all Indians and integrating Indian economy into World Market
His Govt policies resulted in greater employment, reduction in poverty and self-sufficiency in agriculture and achieving 6.5% economic growth, the highest ever until then for any Five Year plan period.
Started Look East Policy for India, India became a Sectoral Dialogue partner of ASEAN in 1992 and a full Dialogue Partner in 1996.
Achievements in National Security
It was due to Narasimha Rao’s efforts in national nuclear security and ballistic missiles program that India successfully carried out the 1998 Pokhran nuclear tests.
The commendable national consensus quality politics he played with opposition leader Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee as Prime Minister that was the golden 5 years in Indian politics that he ran minority government for full 5 years for the first time in India’s history is a testimony.
India’s accession to the WTO in January 1995 and Shri Rao’s role in it was pivotal.
As Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh from 1971 to 1973, he was steadfast in his commitments towards the implementation of Land Ceiling Act in the State. This Act became one of the most effective Land Ceiling Acts in the country. He had initiated these reforms amidst strong opposition with the singular goal of ushering in equity by bring benefit to the poor and the landless. This made him one of the most forwarded-looking Chief Ministers of the state and his time.
AICC Plenary in Tirupati in 1992 where elections were held for the CWC at the instance of Narasimha Rao. In an unusual spectacle, Congress heavyweights were seen sweating it out during the three-day session seeking votes from AICC delegates both on and off the field. this was the only instance of this Grand Old Party in my life time so far !
A historic vote to overturn the “Zionism equals racism” resolution was about to come up at the UN, and Liebler appealed to Rao to vote for it. He passionately argued for full diplomatic relations and complained that India had treated Israel as a “pariah”. Rao assured Liebler that India never equated Zionism with racism. “We sometimes have to go along with things we are not 100 per cent in agreement with,” Rao said. Liebler pressed him further, but Rao refused to commit. Yet when the resolution came up at the UN, India voted for it.
Rao was the first Indian leader who made foreign industrialists feel as if they were in the presence of a statesmen leader whom they can trust, not a politician.
It is important for the readers to keep in mind below historical facts.
Telangana as part of State of Hyderabad ruled by Nizam, got freedom and joined Indian Union only on 17th September 1948, thanks to the Home Minister of India and Deputy PM Sardar Patel decision to send Indian Army to defeat the Nizam’s private militia Razakar’s through Operation Polo.
In 1952 Amarajeevi Sri Potti Sriramulu Sacrificed his life thru fast unto death fighting for share in the city of Madras as the Andhra state for Telugu people was already agreed (Note Telangana has ZERO connection with this fight) details here
Hyderabad State existed from 1948 till 1956 for 6 years and
Andhra state existed after separation from Madras with capital at Kurnool distinctly from 1953 to 1956 for 3 years
Merger of Telangana Region of Hyderabad State with Andhra state was not with the consent of the then assembly of Hyderabad State. It is Govt of India decision as empowered by Article 3 of constitution of India.
Releasing the SRC report in 1955, in Para 386, the Commission pointed out, “ After taking all these factors into consideration we have come to the conclusions that it will be in the interests of Andhra as well as Telangana areas to constitute into a separate State, which may be known as the Hyderabad State with provision for its unification with Andhra after the general elections likely to be held in or about 1961, if by a two thirds majority the legislature of the residency of Hyderabad State expresses itself in favor of such unification.” Hyderabad State reorganization Map from 1956 SRC is given below.
GoI (Govt of India) negotiated “Gentlemen’s Agreement between Andhra and Telangana” before announcing the Merger of the two states. Find the full text here
Constitution of India does not have any reference to language as the basis for the formation of any state, it is only governed by Article 3
Small list to illustrate how the Tyranny of Majority played out in the AP after merger with Andhra in 1956 for the people of Telangana:
Immediately after state formation most of the Terms in the Gentlemen’s Agreement were disbanded by the very first Chief Minister of AP
None of the 3 CM’s of State of AP (Sri P V Narsimha Rao, Sri T Anjiah, Sri M Chenna Reddy) from Telangana till date were allowed to complete their term (not even 2 year). Not get surprised that includes former Prime Minister of India who could complete full term heading a minority govt for India.
Total of only 1,348 days in 20,805 days of existence of the state (mere 6.5%) time in 57 years that any originally a Telangana person could be the Chief Minister of the Andhra Pradesh, ZERO since last 22 Years! that includes the current phase of 12 years of strong democratic agitation.
Telangana has lost the constitutional remedy to seek its allocation of waters of the Gifted Godavari and Krishna River waters with the merger, as in our constitution a region of a state has no locus standi in the water tribunal or in any court and 3.5 crore people in Telangana are deprived of any constitutional and judicial remedy for the water utilization from the South India’s Top 2 rivers Godavari and Krishna running through in their backyard, it is because intra-state is purely the subject of state government . The tragedy is within the state the might of the majority region through CM, numerical strength in assembly, Govt Bureaucracy and the media prevails.
Rivers Krishna and Godavari traverse through Telangana and Seema- Andhra regions. The catchment area of these basins of Krishna and Godavari in Telangana and Seema-Andhra are 68.50% and 31.5 %; and 79% and 21.0 % respectively. While Telangana gets about 2 Lac Acres Canal Irrigation vs about 15 Lacs Acres of Canal Irrigation in Andhra. Refer Sri Krishna committee report Chapter 4 (Figure 4.4, 4.5 & 4.6)
The level of resistance, and “by all means oppose” attitude adopted by Anti Telangana forces expose, all of above was real and the resistance is natural, for any human does not voluntarily forego the undue benefit enjoyed for 57 years, that makes one believe it to be birth right, while the fact was, not quite..
The Five Questions to Anti Telangana Parties, Leaders, Activists & People
Do you abide by the constitution of India and the Article 3 ?
If yes, What are the constitutional reasons of people of Seemandhra origin living anywhere in the world, to oppose the de-merger of failed merger of Andhra state with the Hyderabad Telangana in 1956, as decided by Cabinet of GoI to grant statehood to Telangana with Hyderabad as the capital (#The29thState)?
What are the constitutional rights other than the desire to rule Telangana that the state of Telangana takes away from any Seemandhra person or any Indian for that matter?
What legal assets of any Indian can Telangana State or any state can take away?
Which state Govt has any say in any private employment opportunity? then, whats the irrelevant argument of losing job opportunities in Hyderabad or Telangana or anywhere in India, when over 80% are employed in Pvt sector.
Lessons to India from Telangana
India stands for Unity in Diversity respect it.
Do not play with emotions, respect identities, respect diversity, protect and support them
No State can take away any Constitutional Right of Indian, Makes no difference to Citizen a fact to be told
State is part of decentralization of Governance and bringing governance closer to the people.
No state can take away any legal asset of any Indian.